Introduction

“The Earth is round”, this is what we were told since the day we first studied science, our world, and space. Scientists have proofs and explanations that show that the earth is really round. When we search “Earth” in the internet, we see pictures of a rounded earth. But, this is not what everyone believes. There are people who reject the idea of the earth being round, and think that the earth is actually flat.

What is flat earth theory?

According to Wolchover (2017), the flat earth theory is the belief of a disc-shaped planet earth with a 150-foot-tall wall of ice of Antarctica surrounds the rim of the planet. The flat earth community believe that NASA employees had been guarding this ice wall to prevent people from climbing over and falling off. This theory claims that the earth’s sun and moon are spheres that move in circles are just 3,000 miles above the disc-shaped Earth. Moreover, the community believe the existence of an invisible “antimoon” that blocks the moon during lunar eclipse. This theory also claims that the gravity is an illusion. Objects do not accelerate downward; instead, the Earth is driven up by a mysterious force called dark energy that accelerates the earth upward at 9.8m/s². The community believe that the photos of the globe is photoshopped. Their motive for the governments’ concealment of earth’s shape has not been confirmed, but they believe it is probably financial. The believer of this theory have grown by 200 people per year since 2009 and by judging the effort of the community have invested in convincing other people, it seems that these people genuinely believe the earth is flat.

 

Flat Earth Society           

The Flat Earth Society is an online community that consists of people who believes that the Earth is flat, and not round. This society was originally founded by an English writer named Birley Rowbotham way back in the 1880s. According to Rowbotham’s Zetetic Astronomy, “the Earth is a flat disk centered at the North Pole and bounded along its ‘southern edge’ by a wall of ice, with the sun, moon, planets, and stars only a few hundred miles above the surface of the Earth”. Since then, many people followed the same beliefs.

According to Flat Earth Wiki, the Flat Earth Society was created in light of the realization that for someone with a “round earth” background, the flat earth theory would appear, at first glance, to have some glaring holes.

Today, there are a lot of different websites, groups, and pages dedicated only for the interaction of the Flat Earth Society members. Members of this community come from different parts of the world.

Brief History of Flat Earth Society

According to Eddy (2016), Charles Kenneth Johnson became the president of the Flat Earth Society after his good friend Samuel Shenton, founder of the group, had passed away. Shenton had founded the group in the 1950s but traced its origins back to 19th century England. Although Johnson’s residence was so close to the NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center, he strongly stuck to his beliefs that the space program was full-on hoax. He stated that “You can’t orbit a flat earth. The Space Shuttle is a joke—and a very ludicrous joke.” He hadn’t achieved more than a high-school education but still a well-spoken, passionate advocate and grew the society’s membership from a handful of believers to some 3,000 strong.

In 2010, Daniel Shenton became the new president of the flat earth society. Unlike his predecessors, he believes in global warming and evolution.Shenton spent most of his life believing the Earth was round but after being introduced by Thomas Dolby’s album The Flat Earth, his view changes. Up until now, the community is still keeping on and has been active to different social media.

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